Station de Primatologie
The SdP (Station of Primatology) UPS 846 of CNRS, (SdP) is a non-human primate (NHP) husbandry on a magnificent area of 18 ha for 600 monkeys of four different species: Baboons (Papio anubis, Papio papio), macaques (Macaca mulatta) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). But SdP is also a platform for functional exploration.
SdP has developed several topics: biomedical research in a non-infectious context, biological anthropology, cognitive and social ethology, thus positioning the station as a unique worldwide research platform. The structure of the platform enables to test the attention, the memory and reasoning skills in free access conditions of baboons kept in social groups. The SdP consists of several platforms dedicated to the analysis of primate’s motion (the origin of bipedalism), to cognition and behaviour, to comparative psychology, as well as in a biomedical platform (surgery, radiology, echography, biological analyses, animal housing).
Until 2012, research projects were focused on academic studies in ethology and cognition. Since 2013 and the setting-up of the Primate Biobank, the SdP hopes to become a national leader in the supply of tissues, RNAs, DNAs, proteins and in the development of services related to the use of NHP.
In parallel, the SdP also plans to create a new technical platform involving therapeutic trials, cognitive measures and brain imaging for pharmaceutical companies.
The SdP collaborates with other institutions such as CE2F-PRIM in Marseille, the Pasteur Institute in Paris, Faculties of Medicine and INSERM.
SdP is involved in the activities of EUPRIM-Net II Project. This Project links nine European primate centres in order to combine their wide range of biological and biomedical R&D activities, their extensive knowledge and infrastructure resources, as well as their solid experience in primate housing and breeding.
SdP is IBiSA certified.
Breeding of non-human primates
- Optimisation of the breeding of non-human primates (NHP) while enriching their living conditions, in production and experimentation areas, in terms of zootechnics, sanitary and genetics. This optimisation concerns all four housed species : Baboons (Papio papio, Papio anubis), macaques (Macaca mulatta) and squirrel monkeys (Saïmiri sciureus)
- Biological and physiological knowledge of NHP models
- Production of every breeding meeting the needs of the user teams
Supply of animals and of biological material
- Sales, supply of non-human primates
- Supply of fluids and biological tissues of NHP, either fresh or cryopreserved at -80°C (cells, blood, serum, plasma, organs, DNA, RNA, proteins)
- Development of customised protocols and studies (clinical monitoring, experimentations, surgery, studies in non-infectious conditions) in several domains (biomedical research, anthropology, ethology..) with the support of existing technical platforms
Trainings specific to non-human primates
- General primatology
The training is dedicated to vets, lab technicians and researchers working with non-human primates. It consists in a 27 hour-course and 3 hours of practical work
The aims of the training:
① To get the basic knowledge in primatology
② To learn about the relevance of the primate model in animal experimentation
The teaching covers primate systematics and anatomy, the primate as a research model, zoonoses, primate pathologies, behaviour disorders, primate social structures, enrichment, legislation and ethics applied to primates, transport and acclimatisation, zootechnics, operative conditioning.
Training "CNRS formation entreprises" (4 days):
▪ Session in Rousset-sur-Arc in 2020: June 2-5
- The Station of Primatology organises trainings in general primatology for CEA or private companies such as Charles River, Harlan,... and contributes to courses in primatology at the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle (MNHN) in Paris.
- The Station of Primatology offers customised trainings in animal welfare and ethology
Training in ultrasound scanning
- Training in ultrasound scanning
Training for veterinarians and researchers.
Abdominal and thoracic ultrasound scanning on human phantom and on non-human primate.
▪ Session in Rousset-sur-Arc in 2019: upcoming dates
Contribution to regulatory trainings
- Contribution to the regulatory training to use "non-human primates" for staff designing experimental procedures (formerly level I)
Trainings exclusively limited to CNRS employees or non-CNRS employees working in a CNRS unit: 7 days
▪ Session in Marseille in 2019: March 7-15
- Regulatory training session in ENGLISH for staff designing experimental procedures and projects on "rodents" organized by CE2F-PRIM and CELPHEDIA
Training limited to non-Francophone students and researchers working in a CNRS unit: 7 days
▪ 1 session in Marseille in 2019: July 1-9
Trainings for zootechnicians
- Participation to the CNRS Zootechnicians Network days (ReZooTech)
The programme is focused on the evolution of the regulation with the new European Directive 2010/63 and its implementation.
Trainings exclusively limited to zootechnicians working in a CNRS unit
Reception of students
- Reception and supervision of veterinary students, of university students (licence, master, PhDs and et post-docs) in eco-ethology, psychology, and of zootechnics students for studies of NHP in natural environment
SdP comprises several technical platforms for functional exploration of non-human primates (NHP) dedicated to locomotion, cognition and behaviour, comparative psychology, langage, the study of memory and reasoning of baboons held in social groups, as well as a biomedical platform.
In parallel, SdP wishes to open two new technical platforms to link therapeutic testing, cognitive measures and brain imaging for pharmaceutical companies on one hand, and reproduction and biodiversity preservation on the other hand.
Functional exploration of non-human primates
- "Free access" project : on its site, SdP has developed a unique worldwide research platform enabling to test baboons kept in social groups of various sizes (2 to 30 individuals) and having a free access to test devices located in experimental boxes nearby their housing. Their use of this protocol validated by many publications, especially concerns attention, memory and reasoning abilities of the baboon.
- Research in compared cognitive psychology, cognitive ethology
- The origins of language (intentional vocalisation; gestural communication)
- Biological anthropology, studies of locomotion : analysis of the movement, bipedalism, growth, anatomy
- Stress among NHP
- Research in reproduction (experimental in vitro fertilization (IVF), foetal elastography, harvesting of germ cells and storage,…)
- Research in metabolism, nutrition
- Surgery, radiology, echography, immunology, vascular neurology, biological analyses of blood and salivary samples, housing
- Biomedical research in non-infectious conditions